Zanzibarand its sister island,Pemba Island Tanzania,lie in theIndian OceanSome 6oSouth of the Equator and just over 20 miles from the East African Coast.Â The Island has an area of 640 miles and around its coast the long white sandy beaches slope gently into clear blue water, contrasting well with the abundant greenery of the interior.
History to these Islands - came Sumerians,Assyrians,Hindus,Egyptians,Phoenicians, Portuguese, Arab,Chinese and many others.These came to the Islands in different motives such as missionaries, explorers and traders from this shore the great African explorers as Burton, Stanley, Spike, Vasco Da Gama,Grant and Dr.David Livingstone set out on their journeys of discovery.The Island became the focus and notorious of the slave trade in the 18thcentury.Even though it was also one time as a Centre for the move slavery abolished.
On the 6th June 1873 slavery was abolished after Sultan decree and the Slave market was closed The Slave Market was just an open space surrounded by many small houses. After the abolishment of the slave trade,the Anglican Cathedral Church of Christ was built in the same sport. Bishop Edward Steer was the founder and supervising all the work at the Anglican Church.
The Explorer Dr. David Living stone cannot be forgotten in Zanzibar Tanzania History as he play the great deal for the abolishment of the slave trade. He was died at Chitambo Zambia and his heart was buried in Zanzibar while his body sent to Britain (The reason of burry his heart in Africa is that his heart was total loved Africa).
By the middle 19th century,the Arabs influence was so strong that the Sultan of Oman moved his capital to the Spice Island of Zanzibar Tanzania.In 1890 the Sultanate became a British Protectorate, and in 1964 Zanzibar gained its independence and this was after the blood revolution which was carried by majority of people of Zanzibar on 12th Â January 1964.
Though Zanzibar has got it is own President and Government but it is still in the United Republic of Tanzania,The unification was made in 1964 to make United Republic of Tanzania.